Flutter vs Dart – Which is better?

Mobile app development can highlight your brand name only if it makes a space in your customer’s mobile device. The more it reaches out to the people, the better for your company’s reputation.

Now creating a lucrative application will require you to choose the right app development framework. A framework that will offer speedy app development scope while not making it too difficult for you to invest in it. 

Flutter and Dart are the two app development technologies that can fulfill your criteria. You can go through the features and advantages of both the frameworks and then make an informed decision on which framework will fit your app idea the best. 

Key Takeaways

  • Flutter is a cross-platform SDK from Google
  • Dart is a programming language created by Google
  • Both Flutter and Dart are open-source and free to use
  • Flutter framework was developed using the Dart language

What is Flutter?

Flutter was initially launched by Google in 2017, is emerging as one of the fastest application development platforms. Its feature-rich and productive user interface frameworks is allowing developers to build cross-platform applications seamlessly.

This open-source and free software development kit (SDK) allows designing native iOS and Android applications using a particular codebase. Flutter’s constructive toolkit provides all features required for cross-platform application development. 

Flutter is a portable user interface toolkit complete with tools and widgets. It provides developers with a platform to build and deploy natively compiled, visually attractive applications for various platforms with ease. 

Flutter Core Features

Some of the crucial features of the Flutter framework in app development include:

  • Hot reloading

Application developers have to hold back for a considerable amount of time to reflect any coding-related changes on the screen when they are working with other programming languages. But with Flutter, they enjoy faster reloading of code.

Flutter’s Hot Reload feature is an effective tool added to the app architecture, that enables developers to view their results on the screen in real-time. Therefore, developers can add features and fix bugs without losing memory.

  • Vast widget library

Flutter offers a massive collection of in-built widgets. Besides, it also provides an amazing set of animation designs, allowing developers to design an interactive and attractive app for their customers.

Moreover, creators of Flutter have added widgets to the Flutter library keeping in mind the requirements of users.

  • ARM code

A native ARM (Advanced Risk Machines) code backs Flutter. This is a vital element beneficial for start-up organizations and almost every other company involved in the technological business.

  • Efficient UI

Flutter comprises a portable and highly organized GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) rendering user interface that lets developers operate on multiple interfaces. 

  • Support for IDEs

Flutter renders a range of popular integrated development environments (IDEs) that are effectively present among a powerful developer community. This includes Visual Studio Code, Xcode, and Android Studio.

Advantages of Flutter

  • Develop web, mobile, and desktop applications

Whether you employ a Flutter application developer or build an app with the Flutter framework, you will get the benefit of creating a highly adaptable and scalable product.

Flutter will help you develop an application concurrently for 6 various platforms. iOS, Windows, Linux, Android, macOS, and the Web are a few examples of operating systems you can build applications for. 

  • Create a MVP super fast

Once you deploy the Flutter framework, you can conveniently represent the basic functionalities and operations by the minimum viable product (MVP).

Flutter helps you create an MVP that is compatible with various platforms and essentially provides a superior-quality user experience. These features are enough for you to draw a long line of buyers, allowing them to finance the project.

  • Tech community

Flutter owns a powerful developer community that is constantly operating to enhance the working capability of the platform. The developer’s group makes learning a simple process for newbies so that they can conveniently get into the working system and master it over the learning phase.

On this platform, you will find over fifty tutorials to assist you with the technological toolkit. With this amazing support from the team, everyone can easily create an app with Flutter.

  • Performance comparable to that of a native application

When you employ Flutter developers to create an application on Flutter, you get quick and easy execution on various platforms to make apps. This is because Flutter employs the Dart language, an object-oriented programming language, which is easy to code and fast to compile into native code.

The Dart language usually outperforms all other development frameworks in terms of device performance.

  • Open-source

The Google-backed Flutter framework is an open-source development toolkit. It enables developers to post queries and gives them the authority to access various documents through open developer forums.

With Flutter, developers can learn many new things and grow alongside the ever-changing developer community of the platform. It enhances the effectiveness and performance of coders in project expense and time. 

Learn how to create modern Flutter Apps with Back4App.

What is Dart?

Dart is a platform-independent, open-source, and object-oriented programming language that comprises a range of useful features for a software developer.

It is a client side programming language that renders an extensive range of app development utilities, such as a collection of design features, dynamic typing, interface, classes, and optional typing. Dart is developed for both server and browser. 

Dart is an open-source framework which means it is free to use and available on every browser.it is a Google-developed framework, comes with a BSD license, and is approved by the ECMA standard. It is a garbage-collected and class-based language with the C-style syntax.

Dart has its package manager called Pub, and this is a major point that distinguishes Dart from other languages. Developers can use Pub to create Flutter and Dart applications.

Dart Core Features

  • Concurrency

One of the most appealing features that make Dart useful for programmers is that it is an asynchronous language. This solely means it renders multi-threading using isolates.

Isolates are independent entities that are linked to threads, but they do not share memory and form an interactive interface between the various connected processes by passing messages. Developers working with Dart need to serialize messages to establish effective communication.

They can serialize the message threads with the help of auto-generated snapshots generated by the element and correspondingly transmit the series to another isolate for desterilizing.

  • Extensive library

Dart comprises a series of helpful pre-built libraries including Math, convert, HTML, SDK, core, etc. Also, Dart provides developers with the facility to arrange the Dart code into required libraries with proper name-spacing. Developers can reuse the libraries with the import statement. 

  • Flexible compilation

Dart offers the resiliency to compile its code with lightning-fast speed. It renders two types of compilation processes- JIT (Just in time) and AOT (Ahead of time). With this, developers can easily transmit the Dart programming language and run them efficiently in modern website browsers.

  • Type safe

Dart is a type-safe programming language, meaning developers can use it for both runtime checking and static type checking to confirm the value of a variable always matches the static type of the same variable. 

  • Community

Dart owns a vast community of active developers with extensive knowledge in the field. This community comprises developers from all parts of the world. So, in case you face any issue while coding with Dart then you can always find a reliable hand to assist you. 

Advantages of Dart

  • Easy to learn

Dart is a fairly simplified language, and anybody can learn it with ease. Google developers have made it possible by putting tremendous effort into the documentation part of Dart.

Developers who know the basis of OOPS programming can readily plunge into programming an app with the Java-like syntax of Dart. Dart offers easy editing and texting of the smallest sections of code.

It offers a simple learning ecosystem where developers can understand the tools and terminologies of the framework while accessing various libraries with convenience.

  • High-performance factor

When you use Dart as your programming language, you put forward a step to improving the app performance factor. Applications run on Dart execute faster than in other programming languages.

Dart offers features like JIT and AOT that add to the performance feature of the language. Developers can enjoy the Hot Reload feature with JIT while AOT helps them with quick start-up and improved execution of the application. 

  • Comes with amazing documentation

According to developers who have used Dart, the language is easy to learn, and it offers very good documentation. With an easy-to-understand, excellent introduction, Dart is convenient to start with the coding process.

A greater number of developers have switched to Dart, thanks to its excellent community support, simple syntax, easy features, and helpful guides that assist developers through their training process. 

  • Can write a program without configuration or installation

Dart features a very simple interface, known as DartPad. This interface eliminates the requirement of configuring or installing this framework before use. All you need to do is write the Dart code and click on the Run command to execute the code. 

Flutter vs Dart Comparison

FlutterDart
DescriptionOpen-Source UI SDKClient side programming language for web and mobile apps
CategoryFrameworkProgramming language
Programming LanguageDartDart
Initial Release Date20172013
DeveloperGoogleGoole
Open SourceYesYes
Free to UseYesYes
LicenseBSD 3-Clause “New” or “Revised” LicenseBSD 3-Clause “New” or “Revised” License
AdvantagesSame UI across multiple platforms
Native performance
Own Rendering Engine
Easy to learn
High performance
Stability
Popular appsPhilips
MGM Resorts
ByteDance
Flutter

Conclusion

Now that you know about the features and advantages of two industry-leading app development tools, Flutter and Dart.

Flutter is an Open-Source UI SDK developed by Google. It allows the development of iOS/Android apps and uses Dart as the programming language.

Dart is an Open-Source, client-side programming language. It is easy to learn, stable, and creates high-performance applications.

Before making a final decision, discuss with your team and go through the project requirements. Make sure the framework you choose fulfills your criteria for developing a market-ruling application. 

FAQ

What is Flutter?

Open-Source UI SDK

What is Dart?

Client side programming language for web and mobile apps

What are the differences and similarities between Flutter and Dart?

– Flutter is a cross-platform SDK from Google
– Dart is a programming language created by Google
– Both Flutter and Dart are open-source and free to use
– Flutter framework was developed using the Dart language


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