Which Programming Languages are used for developing Native iOS Applications?

Although Android holds a huge market share when it comes to the smartphones being used in the world. iOS is also one of the biggest platforms for smartphones, with a huge user base in the whole world. It has many reasons that make it better in several cases, like the amazing performance optimizations and user experience.

These qualities of iOS make a lot of developers and users around the world love iOS. When it comes to developing amazing iOS applications, there are 2 programming languages, and they are very different when it comes to features and other qualities.

So, here we will elaborate on everything you need to know about these programming languages.

The programming languages used for developing Native iOS applications

Here is the overview of both the iOS development programming languages which are used for developing native applications

Objective-C

It is a language used almost for every type of development, and Apple has used it since the 90s. as Objective-C is an object-oriented superset of the C language, it brings along amazing development features for iOS application development.

When Apple acquired NeXT, it was when this language was integrated with the Mac OS X. It made Objective-C the standard development for macOS and iOS applications. As Objective-C is the language that dates back to the 90s, it is one of today matured programming languages.

Swift

Unlike Objective-C that dates back to the 20th century, Swift is only a few years old as it was developed and announced in 2014. It is now the primary language for the development of applications and software for most Apple Ecosystem devices.

Its wide acceptance in the short time is the improvements it brought along in the performance sector and development experience sector.

The key differences between the programming languages used for developing Native iOS applications

Although both of these applications are currently used for iOS app development, there are some major differences between them, and here are those differences.

The Development Experience

Developer experience is something that differentiates from person to person. So, if you are already good with Objective-C, then you might like it. However, Swift might seem a better option if you are a new developer as it brings easier coding conventions with smaller code and simpler syntax. Swift also comes with features like better hardware management.

The Development Environment

The support for both languages is great in Xcode. However, Swift gets better updates and gets support from newer development tools, such as Swift Playgrounds. So, Swift makes things easier in terms of iOS development.

Community of Developers and Ecosystem

In terms of community and ecosystem, Objective-C comes with better documentation, and it is more stable because of maturing over the years and has a huge community of developers. On the other hand, Swift is not that mature in comparison, but it is getting constant updates in documentation and ecosystem updates as well. However, we can say that Swift has a brighter future in comparison.

UI Tooling

SwiftUI framework makes Swift a better choice in this case as it makes the development easier. It works by developing applications for all Apple Platforms by default and provides visual feedback instantly. Apart from this, both languages are similar in terms of UI framework support.

Conclusion

With all the differences and improvements that Swift brings, it is the winner in today’s debate. The good part is that if you are an Objective-C developer, then you can still migrate your old code to Swift as long as it is supported.

Want to know more about the best programming languages for Android as well? Please read the article Top 10 Android Programming Languages.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are programming languages used to develop native iOS applications?

Swift and Objective-C are the programming languages used for developing native iOS applications.

What are the key differences between Swift and Objective-C?

Some of the key differences are:
– Developer community
– Development experience
– Development environment
– Development ecosystem
– UI Tooling

Which programming language is the best choice for developing iOS applications?

Swift is currently the best programming language for developing any application or software for Apple devices.


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